Sudan

Key Highlights of Bilateral Relationship between India and Sudan (Updated on October 2014)

India-Sudan relations go back in history to the time of the Nilotic and Indus Valley Civilizations (about 5000 years ago).  The pastoral Beja, some 5% of Sudan’s population, are a Hamitic people, claiming their origin from India. Their language, spoken from the chest (heart) rather than from the lips, could be related to ancient Prakrit.

There is evidence that by the end of the 12th century, trade via the Red Sea between India and the ancient Nubian kingdoms of Sudan had started growing.  Visiting Sudan in the 16th century, the famous spiritual leader Tajuddin Al Buhari stayed with the renowned al-Hindi family of Sufis originally from India (the al-Hindis have been a leading political family in Sudan).

By 1699, Sennar, the capital of the Black Funj Sultanate, traded extensively with India through Sawakin Port in Silk, silver ornaments, leather and gold.

The settled Indian community in Sudan (now about 1500) is about 150 years young.  The first Indian Luvchand Amarchand Shah, a Gujarati trader who imported goods from India, is believed to have come to Sudan from Aden in the early 1860s.  When his business expanded, he brought his relatives from Saurashtra, who in turn invited their own friends and family. This is how the Indian community grew and developed in Sudan.

From the small towns in the eastern part of the country, (Port Sudan and Sawakin) the early Indian pioneers moved into the interior of the country and settled down in Omdurman, Kassala, Gedaref and Wad Medani.

Indian Diaspora in Sudan: 

·         Non Residents Indians (NRI):  5000 (February 2010)
·         Overseas Citizen of India (OCI): 2000 (February 2010)
·         Total Indian Community: 7000 (February 2010)
·         Remittance inflows (US$ Million): 12.07 (2012)

Sudan Students studying in India:

·         Male: 1252 (2011-2012)
·         Female: 117 (2011-2012)
·         Total: 1369 (2011-2012)

India’s trade with Sudan

·         Export (US$ Million): 368.31 (April-August 2014)
·         Import (US$ Million): 386.96 (April-August 2014)
·         Total (US$ Million): 755.27 (April-August 2014)
·         Trade Balance (US$ Million): -18.65 (April-August 2014)


Bilateral Agreements:

  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND SUDAN FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME (October 22, 2003)
  • MOU BET INDIA AND SUDAN ON COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (October 22, 2003)
  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND SUDAN FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION ON INVESTMENTS (October 22, 2003)
  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND SUDAN ON COOPERATION IN THE FIELDS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (February 26, 2002)
  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND SUDAN (April 09, 2000)

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