Yemen

Key Highlights of Bilateral Relationship between India and Yemen (Updated on October 2014)

India and Yemen have a long history of people-to-people contacts dating back to historical times. Yemeni traders served as intermediaries for Indian trade with the Roman Empire.  The people of Arabia were fascinated by India’s spices, pearls, precious stones, silk, sandalwood, Oudh and perfumes and looked forward to the arrival of Indian ships. The Arabian products that were in demand in India were perfumes, incense, carnelian, coffee and Arabian Horses.

Subsequently, the contacts were intensified with the Hajj route from India running through Yemen. During 1967-68 nearly 15,000 Indian pilgrims used to proceed to Makkah by sea route passing through Aden and Mocha.  The Kamaran Islands also used to serve as a transit point of quarantine for pilgrims during the late 1800s and early 1900s.  The Shiite Ismaili sect, which originated and flourished in Yemen before transferring its headquarters to India in 1567, served as another important religious linkage between the two regions. Members of the Islmaili Sect continue to visit their sacred sites in the Haraz Mountain and Jibla in south-western Yemen.

Indian Diaspora in Yemen: 

·         Non Residents Indians (NRI):  11000 (February 2010)
·         Overseas Citizen of India (OCI): 100000 (February 2010)
·         Total Indian Community: 111000 (February 2010)

Yemen Students studying in India:

·         Male: 400 (2011-2012)
·         Female: 31 (2011-2012)
·         Total: 431 (2011-2012)

India’s trade with Yemen

·         Export (US$ Million): 498.37 (April-August 2014)
·         Import (US$ Million): 155.49 (April-August 2014)
·         Total (US$ Million): 653.86 (April-August 2014)
·         Trade Balance (US$ Million): 342.88 (April-August 2014)

Bilateral Tourism with Yemen

·         Outbound : 26112 (2010)
·        Inbound : 25019 (2013)

Bilateral Agreements/MoUs:

The bilateral Agreements and MoUs signed are as follows:

  • MOU ON MUTUAL COOPERATION BETWEEN INDIA AND YEMEN (April 03, 2012)
  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND YEMEN FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVESTMENTS (October 30, 2002)
  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND YEMEN ON ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION (July 11, 1995)
  • AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND YEMEN FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF A JOINT COMMITTEE FOR ECONOMIC, TECHNICAL, CULTURAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TRADE COOPERATION (May 03, 1993)
  • CULTURAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND YEMEN (December 12, 1983)

No comments:

Post a Comment